**NOTE: U.S. GAAP (ASU 2016-13) SAYS COMPANIES CAN NO LONGER TREAT EQUITY INVESTMENTS AS AVAILABLE-FOR-SALE BEGINNING IN 2018**
This video outlines the proper accounting for investments in equity securities. The appropriate accounting treatment depends on the percentage of shares owned in the investee. Less than 20% ownership: use the Fair Value Method, with unrealized gains or losses going to Net Income (if Trading securities) or Other Comprehensive Income (if Available-for-Sale securities). 20%-50% ownership: use the Equity Method, with the investor recognizes a proportionate share of the investee’s Net Income. More than 50% ownership: use the consolidation method to bring the investee’s assets and liabilities onto the books of the investor.